Which appliances use the most electricity?
The average Irish household will have well over a dozen different appliances running every day. But which ones cost the most to run and which aren't quite so dear? We decided to take a look.
How is electricity measured?
So one kilowatt hour (1kWh) is the amount of energy you’d use if you kept a 1 kilo watt/1,000 watt appliance running for one hour.
Which appliances cost the most to run?
So, how can you keep your consumption – and bills – as low as possible?
Step one is knowing which appliances use the most electricity. Step two is being smart about when and how often you use them.
When you buy any appliance, its handbook will tell you how much energy it uses. The higher the kWh, the more it uses. So for example a 3 kWh appliance will use three times as much energy for every hour of usage as a 1 kWh device and five times as much energy as a 600 watt (0.6 kWh) device.
A good rule of thumb is: if it makes things hot, particularly in a short space of time, it costs a lot. Think kettles, hair dryers, tumble dryers and electric showers – they all have a ferocious appetite for electricity.
So let’s look at what running a few appliances over the course of a day could cost you.
Note - your actual costs will depend on the energy efficiency of the appliance you use. Most modern appliances (particularly washing machines, tumble dryers, dishwashers and TVs) are way more efficient than older models, but the rating will help you choose the most efficient model. The ratings, which are compulsory, range from A to G, with A being the most efficient.
|Activity||Energy of appliance||Cost inc. VAT at 9%*||Based on|
|Immersion||3 kWh||€2.58||2 hours to fully heat 120-litre tank|
|Tumble dryer||3 kWh||€1.29||One hour of drying|
|Cooking (oven/electric)||2.5 kWh||€1.08||One hour of cooking|
|Dishwasher (C rated)**||1.5 kWh per cycle||€0.65||Standard 65º cycle|
|Iron||2.5 kWh||€0.54||Half hour of ironing|
|Desktop computer||0.2 kWh||€0.43||8 hours of use|
|Washing machine (C rated)**||1 kWh per cycle||€0.43||Standard 40º cotton wash|
|Fridge/freezer||0.18 kWh/350kWh annual||€0.41||One day running|
|TV||0.2 kWh||€0.34||4 hours of use|
|Electric shower||9.5 kWh||€0.34||5-min shower|
|Laptop||0.1 kWh||€0.20||8 hours of use|
|Kettle||2.5 kWh||€0.18||10 mins of boiling|
|Lightbulb 60 Watt||0.06 kWh||€0.15||6 hours of light|
|Hair dryer||2 kWh||€0.15||10 mins of use|
|Vacuum cleaner||0.7 kWh||€0.10||20 mins of hoovering|
|Router||0.01 kWh||€0.08||One day's use|
|Microwave||0.8 kWh||€0.06||10 mins of use|
|Toaster||1.5 kWh||€0.05||5 mins of use|
|A Nespresso||0.9 kWh||€0.03||5 mins of use|
|Daily standing charge||€0.83||One day|
|PSO levy||€0.00||One day (reduced from 1 October 2022)|
*based on Electric Ireland's standard 24-hour urban rate of 0.43 per kWh inc. Vat as of October 2022. Rounding has been applied to all figures. Cheaper rates at certain times of the day may be available for those with smart meters or night saver meters.
**Based on new rating scale launched in 2021. These would have been rated A under the old scale. See here for more info on the new rating system.
You're unlikely to use all of the above appliances every day, and according to average usage, smaller homes in particular won't.
But as you can see, at current standard rates, a few basic tasks around the home could quickly add up to almost €10 a day - or €300 a month - and that's before you've even turned on the heat!
You can also see how expensive heating water is. So make sure you have a good lagging jacket for your tank and don't leave hot taps running as you're literally pouring money down the drain!
Turn it off
There's a misconception among many Irish people that turning on and off appliances regularly uses excess electricity and that it may be better to keep appliances on for most of the time.
This is wrong - especially when it comes to newer and more modern devices.
If you're leaving the room, even if only for a few minutes, you'll save money by turning off the lights, the TV or the portable heater etc.
The same rule applies to the immersion. Only keep it on for when you need hot water. Don't leave it on 24/7 - as it'll just increase your bill.
How can I monitor my electricity usage?
We know that you’re not going to count every minute of usage for every electrical appliance in your house.
Thankfully, you can get electricity monitors to do this for you. One of which is the Owl electricity monitor, which will cost you about €50 and, if used correctly, will pay for itself in no time.
Also, if you have a smart meter and sign up to a smart electricity tariff, your supplier should be able to provide you with lots of up-to-the-minute info on your usage.
How can I use less energy?
Being energy efficient is both good for the environment as well as your pocket. With that in mind, here's a list of 15 easy ways to reduce your electricity consumption, lower your bills, and do your bit for the planet.
And if you're looking to save even more money while continuing to reduce your impact on the environment, follow these 12 easy tips to use less water and save money and check out this great list of ways to reduce your carbon footprint, while saving on your everyday expenses.
However, the best way to save on your electricity bills is to switch to a cheaper supplier...
Switch and save
Most suppliers still offer big discounts of up to 40% or more for an entire year to those who switch.
So switching to a new provider is a great way to cut down on your electricity costs.
Discover all you need to know about the energy comparison and switching process in our Quickstart Guide.