The carbon tax is a charge applied to carbon-emitting fuels such as coal, peat, oil and natural gas. Introduced in 2010, the tax is intended to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and is part of Ireland’s strategy to support a greener and cleaner environment.
The charge is currently €33.50 per tonne of CO2 emitted by the fuel concerned, meaning more polluting fuels are taxed more. The rate was increased from €26 per tonne of CO2 in the 2021 Budget. However many environmental campaigners have called for the tax to be increased significantly and the Government has set a target of €100 per tonne by 2030.
However according to the ESRI, the real cost of carbon, if accounting for its warming impact, is likely somewhere in the range of €150-€200 per tonne, which, if implemented, would drastically increase our gas, driving and heating costs.
The €33.50 rate applies to petrol and diesel while other fuels remain at last year's rate until May.
Natural gas suppliers in Ireland, such as Bord Gáis Energy, Electric Ireland and Energia, are all obliged to add a carbon tax charge to all customers' bills, which works out just over €0.70 (including VAT) for every kWh of gas used.
Considering that the average Irish household uses 11,000 kWh of gas every year, the carbon tax will add around €79 in total to your annual natural gas bill come May, which works out at around €13 on every bi-monthly bill.
Carbon tax is not applied to electricity bills (although here there is the PSO levy).
At the moment the carbon tax adds around 8.4 cent to every litre of petrol and diesel. Of course this is on top of VAT and excise duty which add another 80 cent or so to a litre of petrol and 70 cent to a litre of diesel.
Based on the fact that the average Irish motorist drives around 17,000km a year in a petrol vehicle and 24,000km in a diesel vehicle, the tax is adding around €79 a year to your driving costs if you have a petrol car and €93 a year if you're driving a diesel car (based on 5.5 litres per 100km for petrol vehicles and 4.6 litres per 100km for diesel).
If you’re a big fan of a blazing fire fuelled by coal and briquettes, you'll probably have noticed a couple of hikes on the price of these fuels over the past couple of years. You guessed it – carbon tax is fuelling those increases too.
A bag of coal is currently made up of around €2.73 in carbon tax while the tax on every bale of briquettes equates to around 59 cents now.
And if you use home heating oil, it's adding around €65 per fill based on a 900-litre tank.
These will all increase come May when the higher rate of €33.50 kicks in.
The farming sector is one of the biggest emitters of CO2 in Ireland. However the agricultural sector, as well as the aviation sector which is another large contributor, are largely exempt from the tax for now.
Critics will argue that the tax hasn't radically changed people's behaviour in the countries where it's been introduced and that it's merely yet another tax on hard-pressed consumers.
Supporters will argue that it's the only way to encourage both businesses and consumers to move away from carbon-intensive fuels and to place the planet on a more environmentally sustainable path going forward.
The truth probably lies somewhere between the two.
Whether we like it or not, the polluter pays principle means a carbon tax is going to form a core part of Ireland's climate change strategy over the coming years. However the Government will have to reward those who make more environmentally conscious choices and invest in things like proper public transport and green energy too.
Quite simply, alternatives to carbon need to be put in place first before the Government starts to penalise those who use it. Otherwise people's behaviour is unlikely to change.
Using wood to fuel your fire and maybe investing in some woolly jumpers to keep you warm on chilly evenings will help reduce your heating costs. Also changing to an electric or hybrid car will reduce your driving fuel costs.
However, the best and easiest way to save is by reducing your gas consumption and checking to see if you’re on the best rate out there.
You can compare natural gas prices on bonkers.ie right now and switch to a cheaper supplier in just minutes. Happy saving!